History of one of the most “beautiful and strange” places in Romania
In an extensive article about salt in Cluj county, British journalists write that if hundreds of years ago miners descended to 120 feet deep to exploit the salt, now tourists can enjoy a game of minigolf there or a ride wheel, as part of a view “spectacular”.
Salina Turda was modernized in 2008-2010 and reopened to the public in early 2010, following investment of 5.8 million, financed by PHARE. Since then, more than two million people have visited the goal, many of them foreigners. Spa complex in Cluj county includes treatment and recovery room, miniature golf and badminton, bowling, table tennis, pool tables, a pier and a church.
The first mining works dating from 1690 in Salina Turda salt mining, however, dates back to Roman times. Salina was closed in 1932 and was reopened to the public and for patients with respiratory disease in 1992. In 2000 the area was declared a nature reserve of national interest, considered a museum of salt mining history. Last summer, the company that manages Salina Turda, a company whose sole shareholder Turda city, opened a spa resort located in the city center.
In late 2010, American director Christopher Nolan, producer of the famous movie “The Inception” (Beginning) and “The Dark Knight” (The Dark Knight), visited salt, keeping in mind to shoot a few frames to a movie.
However, this year is expected to appear on the big screen movie “Nameless” (“no name”), a psychological thiriller Rudolf poured in Turda Salt Mine at a depth of 120 meters.
Salina attracted media from other parts of the globe. A team of Japanese national television NHK documentary filmed there 50 minutes, difizat late last year in a program which has the theme fascination surrounding world and showing the wonders of nature worldwide.
In saline were organized in recent years many cultural and artistic events. In the summer of 2011, three bands held a concert in Rudolf mine at a depth of 42 meters. A year later, at a depth of 80 meters have been designed several films in the festival Comedy Cluj.
At the end of 2013, Salina Turda was included in a list of some amazing travel destinations in the world, which tourists “do not even know exists.” Salina Turda has been described by journalists from Business Insider as a salt mine in Transylvania, Romania, which has become a popular tourist attraction since the 90s. Although dating from the eighteenth century, the mine has a carousel and an amphitheater, her point. The destinations were chosen by readers submitted portal challenged to talk about places you might visit, but not on the traditional attractions such as the Vatican City in Rome, the Eiffel Tower in Paris or Westminster in London.
Salina was promoted in the magazine famous American educational and research institute The Smithsonian has noted that salt is “one more reason to visit Romania”.
“Turda Salt Mine has been transformed into a beautiful but strange park,” noted Smithsonian.com in March last year. Mine is a historical monument of ancient times, when salt mining was a successful business in the region, reads the story about the attraction of Cluj.
The first mention of Turda saline appears in a document of 1075 the Hungarian chancellery. There are also mentioned the salt mines of “the city which is called Turda … the place which is called in Hungarian Aranyas and in Latin Aureus”.
The first document that speaks explicitly of the existence of the Turda salt mines dated May 1, 1271, was issued by the office all Hungarian. By that act, he gave himself to the chapter in Transylvania “the salt mine in Turda”. Subsequently, both the chapter of Esztergom and the bishop of Alba Iulia and Transylvania were given privileges to use salt from Turda Ocna.
Salina Turda, which since its inception has been one of the most important salt mines in Transylvania, began to decline after 1840 due to increased competition from the salt mine Ocna Mures, reaching to act as a reserve it.
After World War salt exploitation became state monopoly, but continuous decline of activity in Turda salt mine, due mainly to the low productivity, led to the closure of mining works in 1932. Salt was forgotten until down to the de- World War II when the city’s population was used as bombproof.
From 1950 until 1992, when it was reopened to the public as a tourist, the first 500 meters of gallery Franz Josef transport were used as storage of cheese.
Source: Mail Online