English: Bothrops alternatus photographed in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil, in January 2010. Español: Bothrops alternatus en Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, en enero de 2010. Português do Brasil: Cruzeira (Bothrops alternatus) no Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil, janeiro de 2010. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
At first glance, the beautiful island of Ilha da Queimada Grande located about 144 kilometers of Atlantic coastline of Sao Paulo in Brazil, still seems a paradise corner. A beautiful tropical island with unspoiled beaches, virgin jungle and clear waters. But all Brazilians are wary of it at any price. The reason? The island is crammed literally a particularly dangerous poisonous snakes. Researchers and authorities estimated that the island live between 2.000-4000 copies of vipers spearhead golden extremely deadly species. Reason enough this tropical paradise corner TITLE hold the most dangerous island in the world.
Atlas Obscura produced this great little video about Ilha da Queimada Grande, a.k.a. Snake Island, off the coast of Brazil. The island is called Snake Island because—surprise—it has a lot of snakes. Specifically, it has “between one and five snakes …
Vipera golden lance (Bothrops insularis) is a species of venomous snake whose average reaches about 70 centimeters Dimensions, although copies were seized and 118 centimeters. Its color is yellow-brown background, overlaid triangular or diamond-shaped patterns. Its name lance viper is owned and vipers of the genus Bothrops and the rest is related to the characteristic shape of the head, which due to huge bags of venom has a pronounced triangular shape, like the tip of spears or arrows.
Vipera golden spearhead is only endemic species in this island, which means that it meets else on the planet. Although they feed almost exclusively with seabirds, these vipers venom is so powerful that bit man dies in less than an hour, if not receiving help in this timeframe. Many local legends talk about the fate of Snake Island off the coast, how are Brazilians call on Ilha da Queimada Grande.
Many people, most arrive here to pick bananas or explore the island died in the true puddles of blood, strewn with body bite. Between 1909-1920, several people have worked and lived here with the aim of working lighthouse on the island. But according to the last worker died along with all his family members, after several vipers driven by a storm were housed in the man’s home, after first entered the window left open.
Although many locals who want to impress tourists, said that those snakes on the island were brought intentionally by pirates and buried treasure and thus wanted to keep people away from them, the truth is quite different.
The 2000-4000 golden lance vipers that live on the surface of only 43 hectares of the island have evolved here over thousands of years without human intervention.
About 11,000 years ago, ocean levels rose so much that island isolated from the rest of the South American continent, and with it, increased waters and isolated and snakes here who have continued to evolve by adapting to the specific environment of island and becoming a distinct species in the genus spearhead vipers. Vipers have no remaining here as natural predator, which allowed them to multiply unabated until the maximum capacity of their habitat.
Island guarded by snakes
To feed themselves, snakes rely on seabirds which nest halt to the island or during migrations. Since peak delance golden vipers can not watch birds can fly and die bitten away from them, while these vipers have developed an extremely potent venom, five times more toxic than the venom of other snakes of the genus Bothrops the continent, which others are among the most aggressive poisonous snakes Up America, because according to Brazilian authorities, about 90% of annual geraniums victims here were bitten by a snake Bothrops.
The vipers bite birds instantly kill auriii here and there.And the flesh of a man bitten by Vipera golden spearhead almost liquefies soft tissue is literally melted.
Because of this imminent danger, Brazilian authorities strictly control visits to the Ilha da Queimada Grande. And even without government prohibitions of the island will soon become too top tourist destination despite its natural framework intact. Here is a large concentration of snakes so that each square of land emtru foşgăie 4-5 vipers. A single bite can kill everyone and even if victims are treated in time, there are about 3-5% “chance” that they die. Otherwise, golden vipers bite here causes renal insufficiency, necrosis of muscle tissue, brain and gastrointestinal bleeding hermoragie.
Under Brazilian law, any team that reaches people here, must necessarily be accompanied by medical personnel and medicines antivenin. Brazilian Navy arrives here annually for the headlamp wiring that works automatically in 1920 in order to prevent other casualties.
The island remains an important natural basis of research for biologists and other researchers who receive special permission to dock here to study spearhead golden viper. Biologists and herpetology think particularly strong venom of this species may be useful in developing new drugs.
In a public interview, herpetologist Marcelo Duarte of the Brazilian Butantan Institute, an expert studying medical purposes venomous reptiles states that:
“We are only at the beginning of the research on the huge potential of venom viperielor gold and the first signs tell us that the venom of this species can lead to the creation of highly effective drugs in diseases of the circulatory system and cancer treatments.”
But because of the rarity of these snakes, there is a black market demand both from researchers and collectors of reptiles. For this reason, poachers snakes, known here under the name inspired by “biopiraţi” arrive on the island and vipers illegal catch in traps.
Motivation is great for some poor people in Brazil, because for a single golden spearhead viper is paid on the spot between $ 10,000-30,000. Many poachers snakes died once they got here, but this does not seem to scare Others The poachers, who believe that can happen to them not to be bitten.
Beyond snakes and poachers, the beautiful Ilha da Queimada Grande remains the most dangerous island in the world, as they call all tour guides.