Journal of sailor held prisoner in a Buddhist temple
His experiences in World War Dumitru Nistor, a farmer in the town of Năsăud, seem torn from a novel of fiction. Prisoner arrived in Japan, he kept a diary in which he wrote all the events occurring in the country of the rising sun.
How does it get prisoner at the other end of the world? What is to be commended for your courage enemies and how it is to serve tea and to stage plays from the position of a prisoner of war? These questions find an answer to Dumitru Nistor, a Bistrita which, although passed away on July 25, 1971, left behind a manuscript that can compete with the famous novel “Shogun” by James Clavell. The only difference, plus the fact is that Dumitru Nistor just lived the things noted meticulously price for eight years in a diary that he called “my Ziuarul”.
Dumitru Nistor was the eldest of two sons Nicholas Nistor and the Moldovan Firoanei. Dumitru was born on October 10, 1893 in the village of Nasaud (meanwhile became city) and just graduated six classes. He comes from a simple peasant family, as even he specifies in his diary: “My parents are Romanian farmers clean and so are all the same But down myself, clean and Romanian farmer because apple does not fall far from cutting”. The apple cutter jumped away but when Dumitru Nistor, who desire to know the world woke prisoner in Japan. He spent seven years among Japanese daily praying to God to help him return to his homeland. Although he had only six classes, courses of geography, coupled with curiosity and innate intelligence that had been endowed, they made him dream of distant lands inhabited by different people with different customs. Following disagreements he had with his father, Dumitru Nistor decided to leave his homeland and joining the army in 1912.
He asked to be received not “Transylvanian militia”, where he usually Romanians, but the Austro-Hungarian navy. Why did this precisely explains the author, “to make trips to foreign countries, to convince me about that I learned as a child to school geography o’clock.” AID gunners Austro-Hungarian ON A SHIP So Dumitru Nistor enlist in December of 1912 and will return home only after eight years. Leaves home on December 4 and reach the peninsula of Istria (belonging to Croatia), where he became a gunner on the ship-aid Adria school. Once completed School of Marine, is boarded vessel “Empress Elisabeth”, the destination is Asia. Exotic Expedition starts on August 17, 1913 and ending November 7, 1914, when the entire crew arrives in prizoner. Dumitru Nistor’s journey through Asia is noted in the log that spans 160 pages. The crew arrives in Colombo (Sri Lanka), Singapore, Hong Kong, Shanghai (China) and Kobe (Japan). About accounts and watched how Dumitru Nistor new reality sailor Asia traveler writes Liviu Bordas scientist who devotes his study “Seven Years in Asia (1913-1920). Oriental ethnographic experience of a peasant in the Carpathians “, appeared in the Yearbook Humanistic Research Institute” Gheorghe Şincai “. “Eastern cities, people, customs and life described in his diary with all the spontaneity Dumitru Nistor naive folk storytellers. He pays particular attention to the Indians, who saw the four-day stop in Colombo and two days in Singapore, “says Bordas in her study researcher Liviu Dumitru Nistor.
World War I catch the occasional writer and his fellow crew China Sea. The vessel “Empress Elisabeth” is engaged in several naval battles with three cruisers – French, Italian and English – but they sink ease. Finally, his ship is sent into the South China region, which was occupied by German ally Austria-Hungary. In the battle of Kiautschou, it is captured by the Japanese alongside of the crew that included. The Japanese fought the Entente against Germany, Austria-Hungary and the Ottoman Empire. For ten months Dumitru Nistor was kept closed with colleagues in a Buddhist temple: Keifukuji in Himeji. Then he was moved to a camp built for German and Austrian prisoners at Aonogahara, near Kobe. Though trapped, Dumitru Nistor continues to write about his experiences. In the last pages of the journal, often the stories are laced with messages of despair in praying to God to bring him home, his homeland. Japan praised for bravery in battle The Buddhist temple at Keifukuji were arrested, Dumitru Nistor says 136 prisoners. They were put to hard labor, but were responsible only to cleanse the temple. Prisoners had the hand of a little food: a loaf of bread and morning tea, rice with onion noon and night. Dumitru Nistor confesses that not infrequently prisoners earlier went to sleep to forget the hunger. Once inside the temple Japanese prisoners were measured, weighed and were noted marks on the body. Japanese military representatives have praised the courage in battle and commanded them to put on clothes Japanese military. Moreover, around Christmas, prisoners staged a play, which was followed by officers including Japanese.
“On Monday, September 20, at 6:00 am, they were transported from Himeji village Aonogahara. Leaving churches were very nice namely the state towards churches Sasa Buddhist priests, dressed in work clothes and new before passing their pre that as we have known, greeted us by name. Pre me all I knew, because I learned from her to sing church hymns, canticles but only voice, not words, very heavy. Often singing in church courtyard before their window, eară they called me to the window and gave me fruit: apples, pears, persecute, bananas, pineapples. I’ve slept in the church near the wall where the altar Chear them and whenever they minister, I hear and sing after them. Many of their songs like church hymns songs ours, “says Dumitru Nistor journal. “Burned them all after Saint FREEDOM HEART” From Buddhist monastery, Dumitru Nistor was transferred to the special camp for prisoners made near Kobe. Hunger and cold in unheated barracks were the main forms of torture. But the greatest suffering was linked to the fact that they were away from home. In his years in Japan, more than ten of his colleagues lost their lives either because appropriate nealimentării, either because of illness. Also, the man noted in his diary that one of his fellow crew committed suicide, unable to bear the situation. “How big was the day, captive else did not hear about it so much telling as about freedom, because all you heart burn after holy liberty. (…) Only as I’m Jele that my tinereţele have spent all between strangers, among blacks, Arabs, Indians, malaizi, China, Japan and God knows how many kinds of people, “notes nasaudean. The last page of the journal is written by Dumitru Nistor in 1918. No one knows how he got in Japan back in Romania, this being omitted from his writings. It seems, however, that returned home in 1920-1921.
Memories of India: “I saw girls with rings of gold and silver nose, lips and ears” Much of the diary kept by Dumitru Nistor contains stories about his stay in the Indian Ocean, especially about India. Romanian peasant curiosity tropical weather, palm trees, lush flora, exotic fruit enjoy happy, elephants, colonial buildings and diversity of goods. Romania also can not ignore color, port and ornaments Indians, their huts and their chariot pulled by oxen. By far, Dumitru Nistor appeared most fascinated by rickshaws that Indians had walked Europeans. “On Sunday, September 14th, I went to leave the city. Here, we come down to the shores, I saw something new that I had not seen in vieaţă up. Acoalea we expect a lot of Indians, Nestor buggies with two wheels, so called Rickshaw English. In this pram fits a person. With these pre Indians pull buggies Europeans from walking through the city bears his payment, half a rupee on time Dara must say that it really nice and relaxed man sitting in this Rickshaw. On the bicycle wheel has gum and, if covet, all Indians always runs away with you as a trotting horse, “notes nasaudean.
Dumitru Nistor is selective, however, the things you choose to record in the log, as even he admits: “If I were you I write everything I have figured out and I saw on my trip, the Aces could fill three books this Dara I do not wish to write them all. ” In Colombo, Dumitru Nistor sees first elephant. Find out from local residents that forests hiding India lions, tigers, leopards, panthers and a lot of poisonous snakes. Nasaudean impressed and Indians living in poor conditions. “Outside the city living Indians. They have little house, low, wooden planks and branches only huts covered with reed and straw, but clean enough take around of homes. Here I saw girls with rings of gold and silver, targeted chear face, nose, lips and ears, with a very ugly glare. Did you see the bear with the ring on her nose, “writes indignantly Transylvanian traveler. “Animals have souls, Dara NÜ” Also Transylvanian can not log and discuss how women suffered in India. He says that men love their women more, they do not put any price on the fair sex. “There were nice girl joy when it is born in the family. In ancient times, many little girls drowned Dara English now to stop this nonsense sâlesc their religion. But secretly, and now kill the girls. The biggest enemy of theirs is The woman. She, poor food and eats away her husband and not forgivable to chew also a word in men’s. After their law, animals have souls Dara woman did not, “explains Dumitru Nistor. He believes that the UK is very lucky to have part of this colony because “the fruit of India lives all the people of Britain great”, although not see properly how the British exploiting all the riches of the Indians, leaving them without even supplies to feed people . Ardelean is puzzled and form of begging practiced by Indians. In the port of Singapore, Indians plunged into the water to fish for pennies thrown by passengers, which is a form of begging widespread in warm seas ports. When referring to this practice, nasaudean can not compare the life of Indians with the peasants of the Somes Valley, which says: “who did well traveled knows that there are people and năcăjiţi ten parts as juveniles. (…) People on us, to walk by Asia, would be content with their fate and no longer always ways that are năcăjiţi “. Painter in the camp at Aonogahara Once returned from captivity, Dumitru Nistor has not found the parents alive. He returns to the homestead and field labor. Gather But in reading books and deepens the remaining time off. It becomes known in some cultural circles in Romania Mare, especially through activities in the Transylvanian Association for Romanian Literature and culture of ASTRA. His name including Octavian Goga reach, especially because his poetry that he composed and collected all during captivity. It bequeathed two notebooks filled with poems and songs. Nasaudean of painters, particularly bearing in Aonogahara. Moreover, in the pages of his diary and find comic Buddhist monastery vessel Empress Elisabeth. In the interwar period, Dumitru Nistor local organized exhibitions of painting and in advanced years of his life he lectured at various cultural events. Former prisoner goes out on July 25, 1971. Journal kept by the daughter of former sailors Dumitru Nistor’s daughter, although no writing talent inherited from his father, has enshrined his manuscript them, and paintings. Later, after she died, his memories Dumitru Nistor arrived at the County Library “Octavian Goga” Cluj-Napoca, and the museum in Năsăud. About his paintings nobody knows anything. “I met several times with his daughter Dumitru Nistor. It does not have cultural concerns, but keep everything left Dumitru Nistor. And Dumitru Nistor I met him a few times when I was in high school. He was a pleasant man, wear the costume at all events, “says writer Teodor Tanco, now aged 90 years.