Established in 1565 by the Portuguese, the city was at first the seat of the Captaincy of Rio de Janeiro, a captaincy of the Portuguese Empire. Later, in 1763, it turned into the capital of the State of Brazil, a State of the Portuguese Empire. In 1808, when the Portuguese Royal Court exchanged itself from Portugal to Brazil, Rio de Janeiro turned into the picked seat of the court of Queen Maria I of Portugal, who accordingly, in 1815, under the initiative of her child, the Prince Regent, and future King João VI of Portugal, raised Brazil to the nobility of a kingdom, inside the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil, and Algarves. Rio kept with it of the pluricontinental Lusitanian government until 1822, when the War of Brazilian Independence started. This is one of the few cases in history that the capital of a colonizing nation formally moved to a city in one of its states. Rio de Janeiro in this manner served as the capital of the free government, the Empire of Brazil, until 1889, and afterward the capital of a republican Brazil until 1960 when the capital was exchanged to Brasilia.
Rio de Janeiro is a standout amongst the most gone to urban communities in the Southern Hemisphere and is known for its common settings, jubilee festivals, samba, bossa nova, balneario beaches, for example, Barra da Tijuca, Copacabana, Ipanema, and Leblon. Probably the most well known points of interest notwithstanding the shorelines incorporate the goliath statue of Christ the Redeemer on Corcovado mountain, named one of the New Seven Wonders of the World; Sugarloaf mountain with its link auto; the Sambódromo, a changeless show off lined parade street which is utilized amid Carnival; and Maracanã Stadium, one of the world’s biggest football stadiums.
Rio de Janeiro will have the 2016 Summer Olympics and the 2016 Summer Paralympics. This will be the first run through a South American and Portuguese-talking country has the occasion. It will be the third time the Olympics will be held in a Southern Hemisphere city. On 12 August 2012, at the 2012 Summer Olympics shutting service, Mayor Eduardo Paes got the Olympic Flag, by means of Jacques Rogge, from London Mayor Boris Johnson. Rio’s Maracanã Stadium held the finals of the 1950 and 2014 FIFA World Cup, the 2013 FIFA Confederations Cup and the XV Pan American Games both opening and shutting functions.