The seven wonders of Romania
They say that God was generous with Romania and endowed her with wonderful places, unique in the world, tourists are attracted. At least for a few minutes to leave behind evils and prejudices about our country and admire …
UNESCO World Heritage list to include seven groups of monuments or places in Romania: Danube Delta, Saxon settlements with fortified churches in Transylvania, Horezu Monastery, Churches of Moldavia, Citadel of Sighisoara, the wooden churches of Maramures and the Dacian Fortresses of the Orastie Mountains .
Delta has been included in UNESCO World Heritage in 1991. The largest (after the Volga delta) and preserved of Europe’s deltas true natural monument, it houses more than 300 species of birds and 45 species of fish, many of them very rare.
Saxon settlements with fortified churches in Transylvania, included in the UNESCO in 1993, are Biertan, Câlnic, Dârjiu, Prejmer, Saschiz, Valea Viilor and Viscri. Transylvanian villages with fortified churches provides a lively cultural landscape of southern Transylvania. These villages are characterized by a specific system of cultivation of the land, a settlement pattern and organization of farms, preserved since the Middle Ages. The localities are dominated by their fortified churches, which illustrate building periods XIII century until the sixteenth century. The most famous of these villages is Biertan.
Horezu Monastery is part of the UNESCO World Heritage since 1993. The monastery founded in the late seventeenth century by Constantine Brancoveanu is a masterpiece of style brâncovenesc unique in the world, and was recognized for style and wealth of sculptural detail, votive portraits and works decorative.
Churches of Moldavia were included in the UNESCO in 1993: Arbor, Humor Monastery, Moldavia, Pătrăuţi, Probota, Suceava, Gura Humor and Suceava. Dating back to the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, the monasteries are characterized by frescoes that decorate the exterior walls of the old masterpieces inspired by Byzantine art.
Sighisoara Citadel is the old center of Sighisoara. Built in the twelfth century by Saxon colonists under the Latin name Castrum Sex and kept almost unchanged until today, it is inhabited today. In 1999 the city was inscribed on UNESCO World Heritage list.
Among the wooden churches of Maramures, eight were included in the UNESCO World Heritage list in 1999. It Barsana, Budesti, Deseşti, Ieud, Plopiş / Sisesti, Iza Meadows, Rogoz / Targu Lapus and Şurdeşti / SISESTI. Extraordinary examples of religious architecture of the region of Maramures wooden, these churches combine Orthodox religious traditions with Gothic influences of the West.
Dacian Fortresses of the Orastie Mountains joined UNESCO in 1999. The six – Sarmizegetusa, Costesti Citadel, Costeshty Blidaru Luncani Stone Red Băniţa and chapel – were built between the first century BC and century AD defense and protection against Roman conquest. Today, looking for treasure hunting in the area, as Romania lacks legislation in this area.These fortresses show an unusual bonding between military and religious architectural techniques and concepts borrowed from both the Greco-Roman world and the Iron Age culture.