Tokyo is one of the 47 prefectures of Japan. Tokyo is the capital of Japan, the core of the Greater Tokyo Area, and the most crowded metropolitan range in the world. It is the seat of the Emperor of Japan and the Japanese government. Tokyo is in the Kantō area on the southeastern side of the primary island Honshu and incorporates the Izu Islands and Ogasawara Islands. Formerly known as Edo it has been the accepted seat of government since 1603 when Shogun Tokugawa Ieyasu made the city his headquarter however just turned into the capital and was renamed Tokyo after Emperor Meiji moved his seat to the city from the old capital of Kyoto in 1868. Tokyo Metropolis was structured in 1943 from the merger of the previous Tokyo Prefecture (東京府 Tōkyō-fu?) and the city of Tokyo (東京市 Tōkyō-shi?).
The city is viewed as an alpha world city—as recorded by the GaWC‘s 2008 inventory—and in 2014, Tokyo was positioned first in the “Best general experience” classification of TripAdvisor’s World City Survey (the city additionally positioned first in the accompanying classifications: “Accommodation of local people”, “Nightlife”, “Shopping”, “Nearby open transportation” and “Cleanliness of streets”). In 2013, Tokyo was named the third most extravagant city for ostracizes, as indicated by the Mercer counseling firm, and the world’s most lavish city, as per the Economist Intelligence Unit‘s typical cost for basic items survey. In 2009 Tokyo was named the third Most Liveable City by the magazine Monocle.